The republic was founded in 301 and today it has a population of just over 33,000.
The way up to the top of the capital is quite steep and the rooftops of buildings along one street sit at the same level as the street on the other side. There are quite a few restaurants and shops to consume your time while you wander around.
The highest point in San Marino is 749 meters, and this means you get great views over the surrounding countryside from almost everywhere.
San Marino has two heads of state at any one time, and they are called The Captains Regent. Every 6 months, 2 new Captains Regent are elected.